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Columbine Massaker


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Columbine Massaker

Vor 20 Jahren, am April , haben zwei Schüler an der Columbine High School im US-Bundesstaat Colorado 13 Menschen erschossen. Der Amoklauf an der Columbine High School, auch als Schulmassaker von Littleton bekannt, ereignete sich am April an der Columbine High School in Columbine, einem nahe Littleton gelegenen Vorort von Denver im US-Bundesstaat Colorado. Der Amoklauf von Columbine gilt als der Ursprung weiterer Schulmassaker. Bevor sie sich selbst töteten, haben sie 13 Menschen getötet und

Columbine Massaker Er rief „Kuckuck“ und schoss ihr mit einer Schrotflinte mitten ins Gesicht

Der Amoklauf an der Columbine High School, auch als Schulmassaker von Littleton bekannt, ereignete sich am April an der Columbine High School in Columbine, einem nahe Littleton gelegenen Vorort von Denver im US-Bundesstaat Colorado. Der Amoklauf an der Columbine High School, auch als Schulmassaker von Littleton bekannt, ereignete sich am April an der Columbine High School in. April zum Datum des Massakers; zufällig auch der Geburtstag von Adolf Hitler. Eric Harris verehrte die Nazis. Er wollte, dass die Schwachen. 20 Jahre Columbine-Massaker – danach war nichts mehr wie vorher. Am April stürmen zwei bewaffnete Schüler die Columbine High. In keinem Land gibt es mehr Massaker an Schulen als in den USA. "Columbine" hat sich als eines der schlimmsten ins Gedächtnis der. Der Amoklauf von Columbine gilt als der Ursprung weiterer Schulmassaker. Bevor sie sich selbst töteten, haben sie 13 Menschen getötet und Am April starben beim Columbine-Massaker an einer Highschool im US​-Bundesstaat Colorado 15 Menschen.

Columbine Massaker

Anschließend töteten Eric Harris und Dylan Klebold sich selbst. Das Massaker an der Columbine High School nahe Littleton - einem Vorort von. Der Amoklauf an der Columbine High School, auch als Schulmassaker von Littleton bekannt, ereignete sich am April an der Columbine High School in Columbine, einem nahe Littleton gelegenen Vorort von Denver im US-Bundesstaat Colorado. Der Amoklauf von Columbine gilt als der Ursprung weiterer Schulmassaker. Bevor sie sich selbst töteten, haben sie 13 Menschen getötet und Unzählige Bücher, Studien, Doktorarbeiten haben sich daran versucht, die Beweggründe der beiden zu erkunden. In quel momento i due estrassero i loro fucili a pompa e The Machine a sparare sui Ubbe di scuola. In: Business Insider. Klebolds Motivation sei weniger eindeutig, vermutlich sei die Tat für ihn jedoch ein Ventil für seine Wut und ein Ausweg aus seinem Leid gewesen. He jumped on one and shook it, apparently attempting to topple it, then shot at the books which had Mat Bomer. Two of these were placed in the cafeteria, powerful enough to Diana Gabaldon Band 9 Amazon or seriously injure all people within the area, although Kinoprogramm Freyung failed Columbine Massaker detonate. Daraufhin betreten Eve 8 Außer Kontrolle beiden Attentäter die Columbine High School. Die Identität der Täter wurde am späten Abend des Tattages bekannt Die Vorsehung. Gegen diese Charakterisierung spreche unter anderem, dass Harris durchaus Gefühle wie Traurigkeit, Depression oder Einsamkeit gezeigt habe und von Zeitgenossen als empathiefähig beschrieben wurde. Die Täter — der jährige Eric Harris und der jährige Dylan Klebold — hatten den Massenmord monatelang vorbereitet und nicht als Amoklauf, sondern als Bombenanschlag auf ihre Schule geplant, Haikyuu Ger Dub dem mehrere hundert Menschen sterben sollten. August kehrten die Schüler der Columbine High Kino Olympiasee ihre Schule zurück, deren Personal um zwei psychologische Berater aufgestockt wurde.

Tirsdag formiddag Som regel spiste Gardner lunsj med elevene i kantina, men den Brannen ble raskt slukket av brannvesenet. Omtrent klokka Bombene i kantina gikk ikke av.

Klokka De tre andre kom seg vekk uskadet. Klebold gikk ned trinnene mot kantina. Graves — paralysert fra livet og ned — hadde krabbet mot kantinas inngangsparti og kollapset der.

Klebold kom ut fra kantina og gikk opp igjen til Harris. Dette er topp! Anderson ble skadet av glassbitene som kom flygende; Nielson ble truffet i skulderen av splinter.

Hun ringte til og gjemte seg under bibliotekets skranke. Han regnet med at hun var blitt truffet av en bil.

Deretter trakk Harris seg tilbake inn i bygningen. Ingen ble skadet under denne skuddvekslingen. Som tidligere ble ingen truffet. Sanders og en annen elev var nede ved enden av korridoren, hvor Sanders sto og ga tegn til elever i biblioteket om at de skulle holde seg der.

Deretter gikk han tilbake til Harris opp bibliotekskorridoren. Harris kastet en bombe ned bibliotekskorridoren. Skyterne gikk mot de to radene med datamaskiner.

Den funksjonshemmede eleven Kyle Velasquez satt ved den nordlige raden. Klebold tok av seg frakken. Harris gikk mot den nederste raden.

Idet Ireland skulle hjelpe Hall, dukket hodet hans opp over bordet. Harris forlot Pasquale og gikk bort til Klebold. Den eksploderte midt i svevet.

Harris gikk mot bokhyllene mellom vestdelen og midten av bordene i biblioteket. Harris gikk fra bokhylla, forbi midten av biblioteket og bort til Klebold.

Tomlin kom fram fra under bordet. Det var John Savage, en som Klebold kjente. Savage spurte Klebold om hva de drev med. Vi liker ikke jocks. Du vet vel faen ikke engang hva problemer er!

De gick till fönstren där de hade utsikt över trapporna som de nyss varit vid. Skottet dödade Steven Curnow som satt gömd under bänken. Han sköt direkt därefter under nästa bänk och skadade Kacey Ruegsegger.

Harris vände sig sedan mot nästa bänk där eleven Bree Pasquale satt bredvid, snarare än under, bänken. Hon hade inte lyckats gömma sig där eftersom det inte fanns tillräckligt med plats.

Klebold gick mot ett annat par bänkar där han upptäckte Isaiah Shoels, Matthew Kechter och Craig Scott, den avlidne Rachel Scotts bror, gömda under en bänk.

Alla var populära idrottare i skolan. Han försökte dra ut Isaiah men lyckades inte. Harris och Klebold retade Isaiah för olika saker bland annat hans hudfärg.

Craig Scott blev inte skadad och spelade sedan död under sina vänners kroppar. Harris kastade en koldioxidbomb mot bordet där Hall, Steepleton och Ireland gömde sig.

Harris gick sedan mellan bokhyllorna till väst- och mittsektionen av bänkarna. Harris gick igenom mittsektion där han mötte Klebold. Klebold sköt sönder en utställningsmonter nära dörren innan han vände sig och avfyrade ett skott mot bordet närmast sig vilket skadade Mark Kintgen.

Han vände sig sedan till bänken till vänster om honom och avfyrade ett skott mot det som skadade Lisa Kreutz och Valeen Schnurr med samma kula.

Han gick sedan mot bänken och sköt igen vilket dödade Lauren Townsend. Schnurr, som hade blivit allvarligt skadad, sa högt "Gud hjälp mig".

Han retade henne lite innan han gick iväg. När Tomlin försökte krypa ut kom Klebold runt hörnet och sparkade honom. Bakom det satt Kelly Fleming, likt Bree Pasquale, bredvid bordet istället för under det.

Harris sköt mot henne med sitt gevär, vilket träffade henne i ryggen och dödade henne direkt. En obduktion senare visade att Townsend dödats av det första skottet.

Eleven var John Savage, en av Klebolds bekanta. När Savage hade flytt vände sig Harris och sköt med sitt gevär direkt norr om där de hade varit, där han träffade Daniel Mauser i ansiktet vilket dödade honom.

DePooter dog senare av sina skador. Efter detta hörde flera vittnen hur Harris och Klebold konverserade och inte längre fick en kick av att skjuta sina offer.

Klebold blev citerad för att ha sagt "Maybe we should start knifing people, that might be more fun" ungefärligt översatt "Vi kanske borde börja knivhugga folk istället, det är kanske roligare".

De mötte varandra vid bänken där Evan Todd hade gömt sig. Där började gärningsmännen göra sig lustiga över Todd. Gärningsmännen fortsatte att reta honom och diskuterade om de skulle döda honom men de gick slutligen iväg.

Nästan direkt efter flydde 34 oskadade och 10 skadade elever ur biblioteket genom den norra dörren. Patrick Ireland som slagits medvetslös och Liza Kreutz som inte kunde röra sig stannade kvar.

Patti Nielson gick in i det rum där Brian Anderson fanns och gömde sig där tillsammans med tre andra ur personalen.

De gick sedan igenom den södra korridoren. De stannade och sköt in i ett tomt klassrum SCI-8 i slutet av korridoren.

Ungefär kl. Väl där sköt de mot polisen genom de västra fönstren igen utan att lyckas. Sedan ungefär kl. Där begick de självmord genom att skjuta sig själva i huvudet.

Det hela filmades och bilderna spreds över världen. Liza Kreutz blev kvar skadad i biblioteket.

Vid middagstid var insatsstyrkan stationerad utanför skolan och ambulanser börjar föra de skadade till lokala sjukhus.

Although gravely injured, Kirklin would survive. He rubbed blood on his face and played dead. He then stepped over the injured Graves to enter the cafeteria.

Klebold only briefly entered the cafeteria and did not shoot at the several people still inside. Officials speculated that Klebold went to check on the propane bombs.

Harris was still on top of the stairs shooting, and severely wounded and partially paralyzed year-old Anne-Marie Hochhalter as she tried to flee.

They walked toward the west entrance, throwing pipe bombs in several directions, including onto the roof; only a few of these pipe bombs detonated.

Witnesses heard one of them say, "This is what we always wanted to do. This is awesome! Meanwhile, art teacher Patti Nielson was inside the school; she had noticed the commotion and walked toward the west entrance with student Brian Anderson.

Nielson had intended to walk outside to tell the two students, "Knock it off," [84] thinking they were either filming a video or pulling a student prank.

Anderson and Nielson ran back down the hall into the library, and Nielson alerted the students inside to the danger, telling them to get under desks and keep silent.

She dialed and hid under the library's administrative counter. While exiting his patrol car in the senior lot at , he heard another call on the school radio, "Neil, there's a shooter in the school.

Harris then reemerged and fired at least four more rounds at Gardner which missed and struck two parked cars , before retreating into the building.

No one was hit during the exchange of gunfire. I need someone in the south lot with me. Klebold shot Stephanie Munson in the ankle, but she was able to walk out of the school.

After proceeding through the hall several times and shooting toward—and missing—any students they saw, they went toward the west entrance and turned into the library hallway.

Taking the shortest route, he drove his motorcycle over grass between the athletic fields and headed toward the west entrance.

When he saw Deputy Scott Taborsky following him in a patrol car, he abandoned his motorcycle for the safety of the car. The two deputies had begun to rescue two wounded students near the ball fields when another gunfight broke out at , as Harris returned to the double doors and again began shooting at Deputy Gardner, who returned fire.

From the hilltop, Deputy Smoker fired three rounds from his pistol at Harris, who again retreated into the building. As before, no one was hit.

Inside the school cafeteria, Dave Sanders and two custodians, Jon Curtis and Jay Gallatine, initially told students to get under the tables, then successfully evacuated students up the staircase leading to the second floor of the school.

The stairs were located around the corner from the library hallway in the main south hallway. Sanders then tried to secure as much of the school as he could.

By now, Harris and Klebold were inside the main hallway. Sanders and another student were down at the end of the hallway, where he gestured for students in the library to stay.

They encountered Harris and Klebold, who were approaching from the corner of the north hallway. Sanders and the student turned and ran in the opposite direction.

Klebold walked over towards Sanders, who had collapsed, and tossed a pipe bomb, then returned to Harris up the library hallway. Sanders struggled toward the science area, and a teacher took him into a classroom where 30 students were located.

Due to his knowledge of first aid , student Aaron Hancey was brought to the classroom from another by teachers despite the unfolding commotion.

With the assistance of a fellow student named Kevin Starkey, and teacher Teresa Miller, Hancey administered first aid to Sanders for three hours, attempting to stem the blood loss using shirts from students in the room, and showing him pictures from his wallet to keep him talking.

As the shooting unfolded, pipe bombs were tossed in the hallways and down into the cafeteria. Patti Nielson in the library called , telling her story and urging students in the library to take cover beneath desks.

Fifty-two students, two teachers and two librarians were inside. Harris fired his shotgun twice at a desk.

Student Evan Todd had been standing near a pillar when the shooters entered the library and had just taken cover behind a copier. The gunmen walked into the library, towards the two rows of computers.

Sitting at the north row was disabled student Kyle Velasquez. Klebold fired his shotgun, fatally hitting him in the head and back. They then walked between the computer rows, toward the windows facing the outside staircase.

Throughout the massacre in the library, they ordered everybody to get up, saying that the library was going to explode. They stated how long they had been waiting for this, and seemed to be enjoying themselves, shouting things like, "Yahoo!

Windows were shot out in the direction of the recently arrived police. He then fired his shotgun at a nearby table, injuring three students: Patrick Ireland, Daniel Steepleton, and Makai Hall.

Harris walked toward the lower row of computer desks with his shotgun and fired a single shot under the first desk, while down on one knee.

He hit year-old Steven Curnow with a mortal wound to the neck. Harris then walked to a table south of the lower computer table, with two students underneath: Cassie Bernall and Emily Wyant.

Harris slapped the surface of the table twice as he knelt, and said " Peek-a-boo " before shooting Bernall once in the head with the shotgun, killing her.

After fatally shooting Bernall, Harris turned toward the next table, where Bree Pasquale sat next to the table rather than under it.

Harris's nose was bleeding ; witnesses later reported that he had blood around his mouth. Harris asked Pasquale if she wanted to die, and she responded with a plea for her life.

Harris laughed and responded "Everyone's gonna die. Klebold noticed Ireland trying to provide aid to Hall, who had suffered a wound to his knee.

As Ireland tried to help Hall, his head rose above the table, Klebold shot him a second time, hitting him twice in the head and once in the foot.

Ireland was knocked unconscious, but survived. Klebold called out to Harris that he found a " nigger " and tried to pull Shoels out from under the table.

Harris left Pasquale and joined him. According to witnesses, they taunted Shoels for a few seconds, making derogatory racial comments.

The gunmen both fired under the table; Harris shot Shoels once in the chest, killing him, and Klebold shot and killed Kechter.

Though Shoels was not shot in the head, Klebold said: "I didn't know black brains could fly that far. Harris then yelled; "Who's ready to die next?!

He turned and threw a "cricket" at the table where Hall, Steepleton, and Ireland were located. It landed on Steepleton's thigh; Hall quickly noticed it and tossed it behind them, and it exploded in mid-air.

Harris walked toward the bookcases between the west and center section of tables in the library. He jumped on one and shook it, apparently attempting to topple it, then shot at the books which had fallen.

Klebold walked to the east area of the library. Harris walked from the bookcase, past the central area to meet Klebold.

The latter shot at a display case next to the door, then turned and shot toward the closest table, hitting and injuring year-old Mark Kintgen in the head and shoulder.

He then turned toward the table to his left and fired, injuring year-olds Lisa Kreutz, Lauren Townsend, and Valeen Schnurr with the same shotgun blast.

Klebold then moved toward the same table and fired several shots with the TEC-9 , killing Townsend. Harris approached another table where two girls were hiding.

He bent down to look at them and dismissed them as "pathetic". Tomlin moved out from under the table. Klebold shot him repeatedly, killing him.

Harris then walked back over to the other side of the table where Townsend lay dead. Behind the table, a year-old girl named Kelly Fleming had, like Bree Pasquale, sat next to the table rather than beneath it due to a lack of space.

Harris shot Fleming with his shotgun, hitting her in the back and killing her. Harris then pointed his carbine under a table, but the student he was aiming at moved out of the way.

Harris turned his gun back on the student and told him to identify himself. It was John Savage, an acquaintance of Klebold's. He asked Klebold what they were doing, to which he shrugged and answered, "killing people.

Possibly because of a fire alarm , Klebold said, "What? Klebold said no, and told him to run. Savage fled, escaping through the library's main entrance.

After Savage left, Harris turned and fired his carbine at the table directly north of where he had been, hitting the ear and hand of year-old Daniel Mauser.

Mauser reacted by either shoving a chair at Harris or grabbing at his leg; Harris fired again and hit Mauser in the center of the face at close range, killing him.

Both shooters moved south and fired randomly under another table, critically injuring two year-olds, Jennifer Doyle and Austin Eubanks , and fatally wounding year-old Corey DePooter, at They had killed 10 people in the library and wounded At this point, Klebold was quoted as saying they might start knifing people, though they never did.

They headed towards the library's main counter. Harris threw a Molotov cocktail toward the southwestern end of the library, but it failed to explode.

They converged close to where Todd had moved after having been wounded. Klebold pulled the chair out from the desk, then he pointed his TEC-9 at Todd, who was wearing a white hat.

Klebold asked if he was a jock, and when Todd said no Klebold responded "Well, that's good. We don't like jocks.

When Klebold asked Todd to give him one reason why he should not kill him, Todd said: "I don't want trouble.

You don't even know what I mean, I don't have a problem with you guys. I never will and I never did. Harris seemed to pay little attention and said: "Let's go to the commons.

While Harris was walking away, Klebold said, "One more thing! Klebold joined Harris at the library entrance. The two walked out of the library at Cautiously, fearing the shooters' return, 10 injured and 29 uninjured survivors began to evacuate the library through the north emergency exit door, which led to the sidewalk adjacent to the west entrance.

Kacey Ruegsegger was evacuated from the library by Craig Scott. Had she not been evacuated at this point, Ruegsegger would likely have bled to death from her injuries.

After leaving the library, Harris and Klebold entered the science area, where they caused a fire in an empty storage closet. It was extinguished by a teacher who had hidden in an adjacent room.

The recording shows Harris kneeling on the landing and firing a single shot toward one of the propane bombs left in the cafeteria, in an unsuccessful attempt to detonate it.

Klebold lit a Molotov cocktail and threw it at the propane bomb. About a minute later, the gallon of fuel attached to the bomb ignited, causing a fire that was extinguished by the fire sprinklers a few minutes later.

After leaving the cafeteria, they returned to the main north and south hallways of the school and fired several shots into walls and ceilings as students and teachers hid in rooms.

They walked through the south hallway into the main office before returning to the north hallway. At , they returned to the cafeteria, and briefly entered the school kitchen.

They re-entered the library, which was empty of survivors except for the unconscious Patrick Ireland and the injured Lisa Kreutz.

Once inside, at , police were shot at again through the library windows and returned fire. Nobody was injured in the exchange.

By , both gunmen had killed themselves. Harris sat down with his back to a bookshelf and fired his shotgun through the roof of his mouth ; Klebold went down on his knees and shot himself in the left temple with his TEC In , the National Enquirer published two post-mortem photos of Harris and Klebold in the library.

Klebold's gun was underneath his body and so unseen in the photo, leading to speculation that Harris shot Klebold before killing himself.

However, some of Klebold's blood was on Harris' legs. Underneath the scorched film of material was a piece of Harris' brain matter, suggesting Harris had shot himself by this point.

A call for additional ammunition for police officers in case of a shootout came at Authorities reported pipe bombs by , and two SWAT teams entered the school at , moving from classroom to classroom, discovering hidden students and faculty.

They were also hampered by the sound of the fire alarms. Meanwhile, families of students and staff were asked to gather at nearby Leawood Elementary School to await information.

All students, teachers, and school employees were taken away, questioned, and offered medical care in small holding areas before being bussed to meet with their family members at Leawood Elementary.

Some of the victims' families were told to wait on one final school bus that never came. Patrick Ireland had regained and lost consciousness several times after being shot by Klebold.

He became known as "the boy in the window. A shirt was also tied to the doorknob. At , this was spotted, and by , SWAT officers evacuated the room of students and called for a paramedic.

He was the only teacher to die in the shooting. Lisa Kreutz, shot in the shoulder, arms, hand, and thigh, remained laying in the library.

She had tried to move but became light-headed. Kreutz kept track of time by the sound of the school's bells until police arrived. Officials found the bodies in the library by By , Sheriff Stone made an initial estimate of 25 dead students and teachers, fifty wounded, and referred to the massacre as a "suicide mission.

Stone said that police officers were searching the bodies of the gunmen. They feared they had used their pipe bombs to booby-trap corpses, including their own.

At , additional officers were called in, as more explosives were found in the parking lot and on the roof. By , officials had found a bomb in Klebold's car in the parking lot, set to detonate the gas tank.

The bomb detonated inside the trailer but no one was injured. The bomb squad disrupted the car bomb. Klebold's car was repaired and, in , put up for auction.

On the morning of April 21, bomb squads combed the high school. The total count of deaths was 12 students 14 including the shooters and one teacher; 20 students and one teacher were injured as a result of the shootings.

Three more victims were injured indirectly as they tried to escape the school. It was then the worst school shooting in U. Thirteen of the bodies were still inside the high school as investigators photographed the building.

Formal identification of the dead had not yet taken place, but families of the children thought to have been killed had been notified.

Throughout the late afternoon and early evening, the bodies were gradually removed from the school and taken to the Jeffco Coroner's Office to be identified and autopsied.

An official statement was released, naming the 15 confirmed deaths and 27 injuries related to the massacre. On April 22, the cafeteria bombs were discovered.

In the days following the shootings, Rachel Scott 's car and John Tomlin's truck became memorials, [] and impromptu memorials were held in Clement Park.

On April 30, carpenter Greg Zanis erected fifteen 6-foot-tall wooden crosses to honor those who had died at the school.

Daniel Rohrbough's father cut down the two meant for the gunmen. Also on April 30, high-ranking officials of Jefferson County Jeffco and the Jeffco Sheriff's Office met to decide if they should reveal that Michael Guerra had drafted an affidavit for a search warrant of Harris's residence more than a year before the shootings, based on his previous investigation of Harris's website and activities.

Over the next two years, Guerra's original draft and investigative file documents were lost. In September , a Jeffco investigator failed to find the documents during a secret search of the county's computer system.

A second attempt in late found copies of the document within the Jeffco archives. Their loss was termed "troubling" by a grand jury convened after the file's existence was reported in April The documents were reconstructed and released to the public, but the original documents are still missing.

The final grand-jury investigation was released in September In the wake of the shooting, victims Rachel Scott and Cassie Bernall came to be regarded as Christian martyrs by Evangelical Christians.

The closest living witness to Scott's death, Richard Castaldo, has stated Harris asked Scott if she believed in God, and murdered her after she answered "You know I do," but this has been questioned and Castaldo later stated he was not sure.

Emily Wyant, the closest living witness to Bernall's death, denied that Bernall and Harris had such an exchange.

Likewise, another witness, Craig Scott, claimed the discussion was with Bernall. However, when asked to indicate where the conversation had been coming from, he pointed to where Schnurr was shot.

Classes at Columbine were held at nearby Chatfield Senior High for the remaining three weeks of the school year. Six months after the shootings, Anne Marie Hochhalter's mother killed herself.

The shooting was planned as a terrorist attack that would cause "the most deaths in U. Soon after the massacre, it was thought Harris and Klebold targeted jocks, blacks, and Christians.

Dunaway wrote they "cannot answer the most fundamental question—why? The FBI concluded that the killers were victims of mental illness , that Harris was a clinical psychopath , and Klebold was depressive.

Dwayne Fuselier, the supervisor in charge of the Columbine investigation, would later remark: "I believe Eric went to the school to kill and didn't care if he died, while Dylan wanted to die and didn't care if others died as well.

In April , a year prior to the shooting, Harris wrote a letter of apology to the owner of the van as part of his diversion program. I didn't like life too much.

Harris was depicted as the mastermind, having a messianic-level superiority complex and hoping to demonstrate his superiority to the world.

Klebold was a follower who primarily participated in the massacre as a means to simply end his life. This theory has been met with criticism.

There have been other attempts to diagnose Harris and Klebold with mental illness. Peter Langman believes Harris was a psychopath and Klebold was schizotypal.

Opponents of contemporary psychiatry like Peter Breggin claim that the psychiatric medications prescribed to Harris may have exacerbated his aggressiveness.

Also as a part of diversion, Harris began therapy with a psychologist and a psychiatrist. In one scheduled meeting with his appointed psychiatrist, Harris had complained of depression , anger, and suicidal thoughts , for which he was prescribed the antidepressant Zoloft.

However, after complaining of feeling restless and having trouble concentrating, his doctor switched him to Luvox , a similar selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI.

Harris also wanted to join the United States Marine Corps , but his application was rejected shortly before the shootings because he had taken Luvox.

Harris continued his scheduled meetings with his psychologist until a few months before the massacre. Early stories following the massacre charged that school administrators and teachers at Columbine had long condoned bullying by jocks and this explained the motive.

Accounts from various parents and school staffers reported bullying in the school. This made him reluctant to take his shirt off in gym class, and other students would laugh at him.

Vanderau recalled that a "cup of fecal matter" was thrown at them. It has been alleged that Harris and Klebold were once both confronted by a group of students at CHS who sprayed them with ketchup while referring to them as "faggots" and " queers.

They couldn't fight back. They wore the ketchup all day and went home covered with it. There were people fearful of walking by a table where you knew you didn't belong, stuff like that.

Certain groups certainly got preferential treatment across the board. A year after the massacre, an analysis by officials at the U.

Secret Service of 37 premeditated school shootings found that bullying, which some of the shooters described "in terms that approached torment", played the major role in more than two-thirds of the attacks.

It happens all the time! Cullen and others dispute the theory of "revenge for bullying" as a motivation.

While acknowledging the pervasiveness of bullying in high schools including CHS, Cullen claimed they were not victims of bullying. He noted Harris was more often the perpetrator than victim of bullying.

During and after the initial investigations, social cliques within high schools such as the Trench Coat Mafia were widely discussed. One perception formed was that Harris and Klebold were both outcasts who had been isolated from their classmates, prompting feelings of helplessness , insecurity, and depression, as well as a strong need for power and attention.

This concept too has been questioned, as both Harris and Klebold had a close circle of friends and a wider informal social group. Though neither perpetrator mentioned either as the reason for the date of attack, [23] the attack occurred on April 20 the birthday of Adolf Hitler , and there is some evidence to suggest the attack was supposed to have occurred on April 19—the date of the Oklahoma City Bombing , [] which led to media speculation that the attack was political.

Some peers, such as Robyn Anderson, stated that the pair were not interested in National Socialism , and they did not worship or admire Hitler in any way.

However, in retrospect, Anderson also stated that there were many things the pair did not tell friends. Harris at least did revere the Nazis, often praising them in his journal, and he was also enrolled in German class.

Harris wished for more ammunition and, since one had to be 21 years of age to purchase such from K-Mart , he had to wait on Mark Manes, who did not get it for him until the evening of April Upon meeting, Manes would ask if Harris was going shooting that night; Harris replied that he would the following day.

Some still have argued that the attacks were meant to be revolutionary. On the Basement Tapes, Harris claimed they would "kick-start a revolution ," [24] and Klebold wore a Soviet Union pin on his boots during the massacre.

Sociologist Ralph Larkin has theorized that the massacre was to trigger a revolution of outcast students and the dispossessed: "[A]s an overtly political act in the name of oppressed students victimized by their peers.

Author Nick Turse likewise suggests that the massacre was a revolutionary act: []. Who would not concede that terrorizing the American machine, at the very site where it exerts its most powerful influence, is a truly revolutionary task?

In contrast with the theory that attack was political, one author argues Columbine was only increasingly linked to terrorism after the September 11 attacks.

Blame for the shootings was also directed at other metal or ' dark music ' bands. In the late s, Marilyn Manson and his eponymous band established themselves as a household name, [] and as one of the most controversial rock acts in music history.

Immediately after the massacre, a significant portion of blame was directed at the band and, specifically, at its outspoken frontman.

Despite this, Marilyn Manson were widely criticized by religious, [] political, [] and entertainment-industry figures. On May 4, a hearing on the marketing and distribution of violent content to minors by the television, music, film and video-game industries was held by the United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation.

The committee heard testimony from former Secretary of Education and co-founder of conservative violent entertainment watchdog group Empower America William Bennett , the Archbishop of Denver Charles J.

Chaput , professors and mental-health professionals. Speakers criticized the band and its label-mate Nine Inch Nails for their alleged contribution to a cultural environment enabling violence such as the Columbine shootings.

Bill O'Reilly argued that "disturbed kids" without direction from responsible parents could misinterpret the message of his music as endorsing the belief that "when I'm dead [then] everybody's going to know me.

Well, I think that's a very valid point and I think that it's a reflection of, not necessarily this programme but of television in general, that if you die and enough people are watching you become a martyr, you become a hero, you become well known.

So when you have these things like Columbine, and you have these kids who are angry and they have something to say and no one's listening, the media sends a message that says if you do something loud enough and it gets our attention then you will be famous for it.

Those kids ended up on the cover of Time magazine twice, the media gave them exactly what they wanted. That's why I never did any interviews around that time when I was being blamed for it because I didn't want to contribute to something that I found to be reprehensible.

During the supporting tour for Holy Wood , Manson appeared in Michael Moore 's documentary , Bowling for Columbine ; his appearance was filmed during the band's first show in Denver since the shooting.

When Moore asked Manson what he would have said to the students at Columbine he replied, "I wouldn't say a single word to them. I would listen to what they have to say and that's what no one did.

Feel no remorse, no sense of shame. As above, Klebold wrote in Harris's yearbook "My wrath for January's incident will be godlike," [23] and he wore a shirt saying "Wrath" during the massacre.

Harris noted the coincidence of the album's title and release date in his journal "a subliminal final 'Adios' tribute to Reb and Vodka.

I ripped the hell outa [ sic ] the system," [] quoting "Godlike". First and foremost, KMFDM would like to express their deep and heartfelt sympathy for the parents, families and friends of the murdered and injured children in Littleton.

We are sick and appalled, as is the rest of the nation, by what took place in Colorado yesterday. KMFDM are an art form—not a political party.

From the beginning, our music has been a statement against war, oppression, fascism and violence against others. While some of the former band members are German as reported in the media, none of us condone any Nazi beliefs whatsoever.

Parents of some of the victims filed several unsuccessful lawsuits against film companies, over films such as The Basketball Diaries , which includes a dream sequence with a student shooting his classmates in a trench coat.

Violent video games were also blamed. They were avid fans of Doom especially. Harris named his shotgun Arlene after a character in the Doom novels.

Harris spent a great deal of time creating a large WAD , named Tier German for 'animal', and a song by Rammstein , calling it his "life's work.

The other game mentioned specifically by Harris for what the massacre would be like was Duke Nukem 3D. The game has pipe bombs and one of the enemies is the " pig cop.

Brown also wrote they shot wildly because it works in Duke Nukem 3D. The Harris family relocated often, as Harris's father was a U. Air Force transport pilot.

His mother was a homemaker. The family moved from Plattsburgh, New York , to Littleton, Colorado, in July , when his father retired from military service.

The Harris family lived in rented accommodations for the first three years that they lived in the Littleton area. His older brother attended college at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Both Dylan and his older brother attended confirmation classes in accordance with the Lutheran tradition. At the family home, the Klebolds also observed some rituals in keeping with Klebold's maternal grandfather's Jewish heritage.

Harris and Klebold often wore black baseball caps. As was typical in the s, they wore them backwards. Following the Columbine shooting, schools across the United States instituted new security measures such as see-through backpacks, metal detectors, school uniforms, and security guards.

Some schools implemented the numbering of school doors in order to improve public safety response. Several schools throughout the country resorted to requiring students to wear computer-generated IDs.

Schools also adopted a zero tolerance approach to possession of weapons and threatening behavior by students. Some schools renewed existing anti-bullying policies.

Police departments reassessed their tactics and now train for Columbine-like situations after criticism over the slow response and progress of the SWAT teams during the shooting.

Police followed a traditional tactic at Columbine: surround the building, set up a perimeter, and contain the damage. That approach has been replaced by a tactic known as the Immediate Action Rapid Deployment tactic.

Columbine Massaker Navigasjonsmeny Video

Sue Klebold: My life as the mother of a Columbine killer (EXCLUSIVE) - BBC Newsnight Columbine Massaker

Im Rahmen der Renovierung, deren Kosten sich auf 1,2 Mio. US-Dollar beliefen, wurde die Treppe zum Westeingang neu gestaltet, die ursprüngliche Bibliothek vollständig entfernt und die darunterliegende Cafeteria in ein zweistöckiges Atrium umgewandelt.

August kehrten die Schüler der Columbine High an ihre Schule zurück, deren Personal um zwei psychologische Berater aufgestockt wurde. Viele Opfer trugen durch ihre Schussverletzungen bleibende Schäden und Behinderungen davon.

Die Kosten ihrer medizinischen Versorgung und Rehabilitation beliefen sich im Einzelfall auf bis zu siebenstellige Summen.

Ein Teil der Spenden wurde zudem für Traumatherapien zur Verfügung gestellt. Zahlreiche Überlebende des Amoklaufs — auch jene, die keine körperlichen Verletzungen davongetragen hatten — litten teilweise noch Jahre nach der Tat am Überlebensschuld-Syndrom und anderen Formen der posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung.

Nach der Tat wurde in zahlreichen öffentlichen Diskussionen nach Ursachen und Schuldigen gesucht. Laut Schildkraut und Muschert seien die Einzigen, in deren Richtung dabei nicht mit dem Finger gezeigt wurde, die Täter selbst gewesen.

Vielmehr gelte es, eine Reihe von Einflussfaktoren und den Umstand zu berücksichtigen, dass es sich bei den Tätern in der Regel um psychisch gestörte Jugendliche handele.

Viele Schüler der Columbine High School berichteten nach dem Amoklauf, dass Mobbing an ihrer Schule zum Alltag gehörte und von der Schulleitung und Lehrerschaft weitgehend ignoriert oder toleriert wurde, da es sich bei den Mobbing-Tätern meist um erfolgreiche Sportler handelte, die von den Lehrern bevorzugt behandelt wurden.

Die Lehrer haben die Augen vor dem Missbrauch ihrer Schüler verschlossen, weil sie nicht die Favoriten waren. Selbst wenn dem so war, sagt uns das nicht, warum ausgerechnet Eric Harris und Dylan Klebold von den Tausenden von Schülern, die durch diese vergiftete Kultur gegangen sind, Amok liefen.

Die Obduktion der Leichen von Harris und Klebold ergab, dass beide während der Tat weder unter Alkohol- noch Drogeneinfluss gestanden hatten.

Nach der Tat behaupteten Kritiker von Psychopharmaka, dass ihn die Nebenwirkungen des Medikaments zu dem Amoklauf getrieben hätten.

Dieser Behauptung wurde entgegnet, dass Harris bereits vor der Fluvoxamin-Einnahme homizidale Gedanken gehabt habe. In den Medien wurde debattiert, ob Harris und Klebold durch den Konsum fiktionaler Gewalt zu dem Amoklauf verleitet worden sein könnten.

Während einige nach der Tat durchgeführte Studien zu dem Ergebnis kamen, dass Gewalt darstellende Medien bei Jugendlichen die Feindseligkeit gegenüber anderen erhöhen und ihre Hemmschwelle zur Gewalt sowie ihr Empathievermögen verringern können, fanden andere Forscher keine belastbaren Belege dafür, dass aggressives und gewalttätiges Verhalten auf den Konsum Gewalt darstellender Computerspiele zurückgeführt werden kann.

Angesichts der öffentlichen Debatte erhielt der Spielfilm Killing Mrs. August kurzfristig den alternativen Titel Teaching Mrs. Daraufhin wurden landesweit über Gesetzesentwürfe zur Verschärfung des Waffenrechts eingebracht, von denen jedoch nur circa zehn Prozent erfolgreich waren.

Während auf Bundesebene sämtliche Gesetzesentwürfe im Kongress scheiterten, wurden in Colorado mehrere Gesetze verabschiedet, durch die unter anderem ein Background-Check -System eingeführt und Waffenkäufe durch Strohmänner verboten wurden.

Trotz Protests aus der Bevölkerung fand am 1. Er würde von mir erwarten, heute hier zu sein. In einer Szene des Films begleiten ihn die überlebenden Opfer Richard Castaldo und Mark Taylor zur Supermarktkette Kmart , wo die Täter einen Teil ihrer Munition erstanden hatten, und geben in einem symbolischen Akt die Kugeln zurück, die in ihren Körpern gesteckt hatten.

Kmart reagierte, indem es den Munitionsverkauf landesweit einstellte. Obwohl Harris und Klebold ebenfalls häufig schwarze Mäntel zur Schule trugen und mit einigen Mitgliedern der Trench Coat Mafia befreundet waren, gehörten sie jedoch weder der Gruppe an noch waren sie Goths.

Rammstein erklärten, dass Mitglieder der Band selbst Kinder hätten und stetig danach streben würden, ihnen gesunde und gewaltfreie Werte zu vermitteln.

Ich hoffe, dass das unverantwortliche Fingerzeigen der Medien nicht dazu führt, dass Kids, die anders aussehen, noch mehr diskriminiert werden.

Kurz nach dem Amoklauf gaben beide Elternpaare über ihre Rechtsanwälte Erklärungen ab, in denen sie den Opfern ihr Mitgefühl aussprachen.

Ihnen wurde unter anderem mangelnde elterliche Fürsorge und das Übersehen von Warnsignalen vorgeworfen. Im Jahr erschienen Sue Klebolds Memoiren Liebe ist nicht genug , in denen sie versucht, Erklärungen für das Handeln ihres Sohnes und Antworten darauf zu finden, wie die Tat hätte verhindert werden können.

Ihr Versagen sieht sie darin, die Anzeichen der psychischen Probleme ihres Sohnes nicht erkannt zu haben. Ihren Anteil am Erlös des Buches spendet Klebold für die Suizidprävention, für die sie sich seit dem Amoklauf engagiert.

Ich wollte die Klebolds nicht mögen, denn der Preis dafür wäre das Eingeständnis, dass sie an den Ereignissen nicht schuld waren, und wenn sie keine Schuld traf, ist keiner von uns sicher.

Leider mochte ich sie aber sehr. Und so kam ich zu dem Schluss, dass der Wahnsinn des Columbine-Massakers aus jedem Elternhaus hätte hervorgehen können.

Die Eltern der Täter wurden strafrechtlich nicht belangt. Mark Manes wurde im November wegen des illegalen Waffenverkaufs an den minderjährigen Klebold zu sechs Jahren Gefängnis verurteilt.

Im Jahr wurde er vorzeitig auf Bewährung aus der Haft entlassen. Philip Duran, der bei dem Geschäft behilflich gewesen war, wurde im Juni zu viereinhalb Jahren Gefängnis verurteilt und durfte im November ebenfalls vorzeitig seine Bewährung antreten.

Robyn Anderson konnte strafrechtlich nicht belangt werden, weil es zum damaligen Zeitpunkt in Colorado aufgrund einer Gesetzeslücke nicht illegal war, Gewehre von nicht lizenzierten Händlern zu erwerben und sie an Minderjährige weiterzureichen.

Zahlreiche Überlebende des Amoklaufs und Hinterbliebene der getöteten Opfer reichten Zivilklagen auf Schadensersatz und Schmerzensgeld ein, wobei sich die Verfahren teilweise über Jahre hinzogen.

Den Verantwortlichen der Schule wurde vorgeworfen, Warnsignale übersehen zu haben. In der Berufung wurden den Klägern jeweils US-Dollar gezahlt.

Die verklagten Freunde der Täter steuerten insgesamt weitere 1,3 Mio. US-Dollar bei. Fünf Opferfamilien lehnten den Vergleich ab, da sie von den Eltern der Täter Aufklärung verlangten, damit derartige Taten in Zukunft verhindert werden könnten.

Im Jahr kam es auch mit diesen Familien zu einem Vergleich, dessen Inhalt nicht öffentlich bekannt wurde. Die protokollierten Aussagen wurden per Gerichtsbeschluss versiegelt und werden erst im Jahr veröffentlicht.

Diese sogenannten Active Shooter Drills haben sich als effektiv erwiesen, stehen aber zugleich in der Kritik, möglicherweise negative psychologische Auswirkungen auf die Kinder zu haben.

Ebenfalls bemängelt wird die seit der Tat vielerorts verfolgte Nulltoleranzstrategie bezüglich der Bedrohung von Mitschülern oder des Waffenbesitzes auf dem Schulgelände.

Aufgrund dieser Erkenntnis wurde im Jahr in Colorado die Stunden-Hotline Safe2Tell eingerichtet, an die sich Schüler in Verdachtsfällen anonym wenden können und bei der bis Anfang über Während des Amoklaufs war die zuerst am Tatort eingetroffene Streifenpolizei den damals gültigen Handlungsleitlinien gefolgt und hatte das Schulgebäude nicht sofort gestürmt , sondern die Situation zunächst wie eine Geiselnahme behandelt und auf das für dieses Szenario speziell ausgebildete SWAT-Team gewartet.

Dieses war jedoch nicht mit der Örtlichkeit vertraut und musste sich beim Betreten der Schule anhand eines fehlerhaften Gebäudeplans und Skizzen von Schülern orientieren.

Verkompliziert wurde die Situation durch eine erschwerte Kommunikation zwischen den Beamten der verschiedenen Behörden, da ihre Funkgeräte auf unterschiedlichen Bandbreiten betrieben wurden und somit inkompatibel waren.

Innerhalb des Gebäudes wurde die Verständigung zudem durch Rauch und den stundenlang ertönenden Feueralarm behindert.

Das späte Einschreiten der Polizei und die Verzögerungen während des Zugriffs führten zu massiver Kritik in der Öffentlichkeit.

Den Beamten wurde unter anderem vorgeworfen, ihre eigene Sicherheit über die der Kinder gestellt zu haben.

Die Beamten werden darauf trainiert, den Schützen so schnell wie möglich zu neutralisieren und sich erst um die verletzten Opfer zu kümmern, wenn dieses Ziel erreicht ist.

Die neuen Leitlinien haben sich bereits bei mehreren Amokläufen als erfolgreich erwiesen: Während der Amoklauf an der Columbine High School fast eine Stunde dauerte, werden die meisten Amokläufe inzwischen innerhalb weniger Minuten beendet.

April insgesamt 45 Amokläufe an US-Schulen gegeben hatte, [] handelte es sich beim Schulmassaker von Parkland am Februar laut USA Today bereits um die Viele der späteren Amokläufer gaben an, sich mit den Tätern von Columbine zu identifizieren, sie zu bewundern oder von ihnen inspiriert worden zu sein.

Jahrestag am April wurden in den USA zehn geplante Taten rechtzeitig verhindert. April , als die Polizei sie tot auffand — die Gesuchte hatte sich das Leben genommen.

Die Meldung über Schüsse an der Columbine High School wurde binnen einer halben Stunde von sämtlichen Nachrichtensendern des Landes verbreitet und viele Unterhaltungssender unterbrachen ihr reguläres Programm, um live nach Littleton zu schalten.

Da die Notrufleitungen permanent besetzt waren, riefen einige Schüler, die sich noch in der Schule versteckt hielten, bei den Sendeanstalten an, woraufhin sie live im Fernsehen interviewt wurden.

Die Identität der Täter wurde am späten Abend des Tattages bekannt gegeben. Bernall wurde daraufhin zur Vorzeigechristin der Evangelikalen Bewegung und ihre Mutter verfasste ein Buch über den angeblichen Märtyrertod ihrer Tochter, das zum Bestseller wurde.

Später stellte sich jedoch heraus, dass nicht Bernall, sondern die angeschossene Valeen Schnurr diejenige war, die ihren Glauben an Gott bejaht hatte.

Die intensive Berichterstattung und insbesondere deren Fokus auf die Täter wurde scharf kritisiert, da sie die beiden zu medialen Ikonen mache [] und — ähnlich wie beim Werther-Effekt — zur Inspiration von Nachahmungstätern führen könne.

Gerade haben sie zwei neue geschaffen, indem sie die Frontseite jeder Zeitung mit den Bildern von […] Dylan Klebold und Eric Harris zukleisterten.

Es sollte niemanden überraschen, wenn jedes Kind, das herumgeschubst wird, zwei neue Idole hat. Kennedy Der Amoklauf an der Columbine High School hat Einzug in die Populärkultur gehalten und wird in zahlreichen künstlerischen Werken thematisiert.

Mehr Hass! Seit dem Aufkommen der sozialen Medien hat sich, insbesondere auf der Blogging-Plattform Tumblr und dem Videoportal YouTube , eine weltweit verbreitete Online-Subkultur mit schätzungsweise mehreren tausend [] Anhängern entwickelt, die sich intensiv mit dem Fall sowie den Tätern beschäftigen.

Laut ersten Befragungsstudien zu dem Phänomen handelt es sich überwiegend um junge Frauen im Teenageralter oder in den Zwanzigern, insgesamt gehen Forscher jedoch von einer heterogenen Gruppe mit einem nicht geringen Männeranteil aus.

Eine Woche nach dem Amoklauf wurden nahe der Schule fünfzehn Kreuze im Gedenken an die Getöteten errichtet, die in den folgenden Tagen rund Von den empörten Eltern eines Opfers wurden zwei der Kreuze niedergerissen, da diese für die Täter aufgestellt worden waren.

Auch zwei von fünfzehn Bäumen, die im Garten einer Kirche für die Toten gepflanzt worden waren, wurden von Opfer-Angehörigen gefällt.

US-Dollar belief. Das Columbine Memorial wurde im September eingeweiht. Die Schüler gedenken am April eines jeden Jahres der Opfer, indem sie gemeinnützige Arbeit leisten.

Dieser Artikel behandelt das Thema Suizid. Für Gefährdete existiert ein breites Netz an Hilfsangeboten, in denen Auswege aufgezeigt werden.

So sind in akuten Notfällen die Telefonseelsorge wie auch der Euronotruf durchgängig und kostenlos erreichbar. Nach einer ersten Krisenintervention erfolgt auf Wunsch eine qualifizierte Weitervermittlung zu geeigneten Beratungsstellen.

Mediendatei abspielen. Siehe auch : School Shooter Fandom. In: The Denver Post. Mai , abgerufen am Mai Larkin: Comprehending Columbine.

April , abgerufen am Dave Cullen: Columbine. Ralph W. Laut Dave Cullen Columbine. Harris hinted at violance to come. CNN, Peter Langman: Why Kids Kill.

Jerald J. In: American Journal of Forensic Psychiatry. Band 28, Nr. PubMed, , S. Mai ]. Muschert: Columbine, 20 Years Later and Beyond.

In: Frank J. Robertz, Robert Kahr Hrsg. Zur medienpsychologischen Wirkung des Journalismus bei exzessiver Gewalt. In: Young.

Band 19, Nr. In: Welt Online. In: Time. Dezember , abgerufen am 4. März In: Westword. Juli , abgerufen am CNN, abgerufen am Juli In: The Washington Post.

In: The New York Times. April , abgerufen am 3. In: The New Yorker. Februar , abgerufen am Siehe Birger Dulz et al. In: Slate. April , abgerufen am 1.

Parents, Children and the Search for Identity. Frank J. And they are. In: The Other Paper. Oktober , abgerufen am Oktober Peggy Lowe: Renovated and ready.

August , abgerufen am Juni , abgerufen am In: The Guardian. März , abgerufen am April In: Business Insider.

August In: People. Juni National Public Radio , März ]. Hong et al. Even if it did, that does not tell us why, out of the thousands of students who passed through that toxic culture, it was Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold who went on a murderous rampage.

Louise I. Gerdes: The Columbine School Shooting. Howard Pankratz: Judge: Seal Columbine papers for 25 years. Januar , abgerufen am 7. September BBC News , 1.

Mai , abgerufen am 5. März , abgerufen am 5. In: Spiegel Online. Mail , abgerufen am 7. In: The Baltimore Sun. Mai , abgerufen am 7. But the time has come to understand that a TEC-9 semiautomatic weapon […] is not used to kill deer.

In: David Schmid Hrsg. In: The Atlantic. Januar The British Press and Popular Music. In: Steve Jones Hrsg. September , abgerufen am 3. This tragedy was a product of ignorance, hatred and an access to guns.

April , abgerufen am 5. Susanne Billig: Die Mutter des Amokläufers. Deutschlandfunk Kultur , September , abgerufen am Alas, I liked them very much indeed.

AP News Archive , 9. November , abgerufen am April , abgerufen am 8. In: USA Today. Februar , abgerufen am 3. Valerie Richardson: Columbine effect: Mass shooters seek fame, vengeance by emulating teenage killers.

In: The Washington Times. ABC News, 7. CNN, 3. In: Mother Jones. In: Matthias Böhmer Hrsg. Prävention, Intervention und Nachsorge bei School Shootings.

Atte Oksanen et al. In: Nils Böckler et al. Andrew Roth: Crimea college attack: student carries out mass shooting in Kerch. In: The Guardian , Mai , abgerufen am 3.

In: American Behavioral Scientist. Band 52, Nr. From Jesse James to Charles Manson, the media, since their inception, have turned criminals into folk heroes.

Glenn W. In: The Onion. In: Orlando Weekly. RP Online, Essay, Freie Universität Berlin, , S. Juli ]. Band 62, Nr. Band 12, Nr. In: Transformative Works and Cultures.

Band 20, online [abgerufen am September ]. Columbine looks to others as it struggles with trespassers. In: Colorado Sun. Un altro ordigno fu gettato nel corridoio della biblioteca e anch'esso esplose danneggiando alcuni armadietti.

Alle i due assassini entrarono nella biblioteca dove cinquantadue studenti, tre addetti alla biblioteca e la signora Nielson si stavano nascondendo sotto i banchi e dentro alcune stanzette circostanti.

Il personale e gli studenti che si stavano nascondendo sentirono i due urlare cose come:. I due poi si spostarono dall'altra parte della biblioteca, verso due file di computer.

Dopo gli spari i due assassini appoggiarono le loro borse piene di munizioni e cominciarono a ricaricare le loro armi, prima di camminare verso la finestra guardando la scala all'esterno che in precedenza avevano attraversato.

Vedendo la polizia che evacuava gli studenti, cominciarono a sparare fuori dalla finestra, provocando l'immediata risposta dei poliziotti. Lo sparo uccise Steven Curnow 28 agosto aprile La Ruegsegger e altri testimoni riportarono che Harris, sentendo la ragazza lamentarsi e piangere a causa delle gravi ferite, le disse:.

Molti sostengono che alla Bernall che faceva parte del circolo religioso della scuola prima dello sparo che le fu fatale, fu chiesto:.

Infatti tre studenti che assistettero alla morte della ragazza, inclusa Emily Wyant, che si stava nascondendo con lei sotto il banco, confermarono che non le fu rivolta questa domanda e che la Bernall, quando fu uccisa, stava pregando in silenzio [14].

Il ragazzo le chiese se voleva morire e lei rispose con una supplica. Cadde a terra privo di conoscenza, ma ancora vivo.

Klebold e Harris sbeffeggiarono e insultarono anche con parole razziste, dato che il ragazzo era di colore Shoels per qualche secondo.

Per sua fortuna, Craig Scott non venne ucciso in quanto si finse morto nascondendosi sotto i cadaveri dei due amici.

Harris, nel frattempo, era salito sopra un altro tavolo sotto il quale si nascondevano due ragazze. I due ragazzi andarono poi vicino ad un tavolo vuoto e cominciarono a ricaricare le loro armi.

Lui le chiese:. Dietro il corpo, Kelly Fleming 6 gennaio aprile , come Bree Pasquale, era seduta a fianco del tavolo e non sotto. Alle i due assassini si spostarono verso la zona centrale della biblioteca, dove continuarono a ricaricare le armi sopra un tavolo in mezzo alla stanza.

Lo studente era John Savage, un conoscente di Klebold. Savage chiese allora se l'avrebbero ucciso. Klebold disse:.

Entrambi i ragazzi si spostarono verso la cattedra principale della biblioteca. I due si diressero dove si era spostato Evan Todd dopo essere rimasto ferito.

Subito dopo la loro uscita dalla biblioteca, ventotto studenti illesi ed undici feriti, tra cui lo stesso Brian Anderson, evacuarono la stanza attraverso la porta nord, che conduceva alla scala adiacente l'entrata ovest.

Patrick Ireland, che era svenuto, e Lisa Kreutz, che non riusciva a muoversi, rimasero nell'edificio. Dopo aver abbandonato la biblioteca , i due si diressero alla zona di scienze e lanciarono una piccola bomba all'interno di uno sgabuzzino.

Quando l'ordigno esplose, scapparono. Un insegnante che era nella stanza a fianco spense il fuoco. I ragazzi proseguirono attraverso il corridoio sud, poi si fermarono e cominciarono a sparare all'interno di un'aula vuota di scienze.

Harris e Klebold lasciarono la mensa alle circa. Una volta tornati al piano superiore, camminarono per il corridoio nord e il corridoio sud senza meta, sparando casualmente.

Mentre camminavano, spesso guardarono attraverso le piccole finestrelle delle porte delle classi per vedere se ci fosse qualche studente, ma non provarono ad entrare in alcuna aula.

I due si diressero verso l'entrata di un bagno dove cominciarono a schernire gli studenti all'interno dicendo cose come:.

Alle , i due tornarono in mensa ed entrarono in cucina, poi tornarono ancora su per le scale e di nuovo nel corridoio sud alle Alle , i due entrarono di nuovo nella biblioteca, in cui si trovavano in quel momento oltre ai cadaveri solo Patrick Ireland, privo di sensi, e Lisa Kreutz che fingeva di essere morta.

Non si sa cosa fecero dopo aver abbandonato la mensa e prima di tornare in biblioteca. Una volta dentro, provarono a sparare fuori dalle finestre ai poliziotti, senza successo.

Lisa Kreutz, gravemente ferita e a tratti incosciente, rimase sola nella biblioteca fino a che la polizia non fece irruzione alle La ragazza fu poi portata fuori e soccorsa, insieme a Patti Nielson e i tre addetti alla biblioteca.

A mezzogiorno circa le squadre della SWAT stazionavano all'esterno della scuola e le ambulanze avevano cominciato a portare i feriti agli ospedali vicini.

Nel frattempo i familiari delle vittime e il personale scolastico si radunavano nella vicina scuola elementare di Leawood per ricevere informazioni.

Alle la polizia chiese munizioni aggiuntive in caso di sparatoria anche se gli assassini avevano smesso di sparare pochi minuti prima. Alle le squadre SWAT cominciarono a controllare ogni stanza della scuola esaminando zaini e banchi.

Tutti gli studenti, gli insegnanti e il personale scolastico furono evacuati e furono prestate loro le prime cure mediche, prima di incontrare i familiari alla scuola elementare di Leawood.

Le squadre di soccorso trovarono i corpi nella biblioteca alle Disse inoltre che la polizia stava cercando i corpi di Harris e Klebold nella biblioteca.

Alle la scuola fu dichiarata sicura; tuttavia, alle , furono ancora trovate bombe nel parcheggio e sul tetto. Lo sceriffo decise allora di proclamare l'intera scuola "scena del crimine"; in quel momento tredici morti, inclusi Harris e Klebold, erano ancora all'interno dell'edificio.

Alle la bomba nell'auto parcheggiata esplose mentre un poliziotto tentava di disinnescarla. I due comprarono poi una pistola da un amico, Mark Manes, arrestato qualche mese dopo il massacro per aver venduto l'arma ad un minorenne [16] , insieme a Philip Duran, colpevole di aver portato i due ragazzi da Mark per la vendita.

Entrambi portavano diversi coltelli nelle cinture, caricatori calibro nove e per fucili a pompa. Seguirono molte polemiche per il comportamento esitante della polizia.

Nel frattempo, rimasero nella scuola una ragazza ferita gravemente, per ben 4 ore, 12 cadaveri e decine e decine di persone che vissero quelle ore nel terrore non sapendo quale sarebbe stato il loro destino.

Dopo di che, tutto attorno ormai il silenzio, eppure la polizia non volle entrare fino a che non fu assolutamente sicura che non ci fosse alcun pericolo.

Quando entrarono, non avevano idea di quanti morti avrebbero trovato. In seguito alla sparatoria, ci furono anche diverse discussioni riguardo a cosa potesse aver spinto gli assassini al loro gesto e se fosse stato possibile prevenire il crimine.

Nelle settimane successive alla sparatoria, i media dissero che i due assassini si ritenevano parte della " cultura goth " e " nerd " reietti.

Come prova di appartenenza alla "cultura goth", Harris e Klebold per un certo periodo di tempo si definirono come parte di un club scolastico chiamato Trenchcoat Mafia Mafia in Impermeabile.

Fu in seguito provato che i ragazzi non entrarono mai in questo club, nonostante essi fossero amici di alcuni dei membri.

Dopo la sparatoria, le lezioni degli studenti della Columbine si sono svolte presso il vicino Chatfield Senior High per le rimanenti tre settimane di quell'anno scolastico.

La scuola aveva subito una massiccia ristrutturazione quattro anni prima della sparatoria, con l'aggiunta di una nuova biblioteca e una nuova mensa.

Entrambi gli autori della strage furono classificati come ragazzi dotati, presumibilmente bullizzati per quattro anni. A questo proposito, Klebold aveva affermato: "Stanno facendo patire a Eric le pene dell'inferno" [24].

In un'altra occasione, proprio prima del massacro [25] , sia Harris che Klebold erano stati aggrediti da un gruppo di compagni di scuola - tutti membri della squadra di football della scuola - che li avevano cosparsi di ketchup e senape chiamandoli "froci" " faggot ", in inglese e "gay" [26].

Brooks Brown espose una teoria simile nel suo libro sul massacro: scrisse che tra gli insegnanti era atteggiamento comune far finta di niente di fronte a manifestazioni di bullismo [28] e che ogniqualvolta Klebold e Harris ne erano bersaglio, ad opera dei cosiddetti "jocks" gli atleti dei team sportivi studenteschi , gli insegnanti si limitavano a frasi come: "Non preoccupartene troppo, ragazzo.

Sono cose che succedono", se qualcuno esprimeva turbamento o sorpresa [29]. I primi racconti dopo la strage misero in luce come i dirigenti e gli insegnanti della Columbine High School avessero a lungo ammesso e tollerato un clima di bullismo da parte dei suddetti "jocks", lasciando che nella scuola si diffondesse e si inasprisse un'atmosfera di intimidazione e risentimento.

Esperti sostengono che questo possa aver contribuito a far esplodere il desiderio di infliggere violenza nei due ragazzi autori della strage [30].

David Cullen, autore nel del libro Columbine , pubblicato da Twelve il 6 aprile , non nega la presenza diffusa di atti di bullismo nella scuola, ma nega che i due attentatori siano da considerarsi vittime del bullismo.

Le televisioni americane paragonarono in seguito il massacro ad una sequenza del film del Ritorno dal nulla , dove il protagonista Leonardo DiCaprio veste un impermeabile nero e spara a sei compagni di classe nei corridoi della scuola.

Qualche testimone oculare ha paragonato la sparatoria ad alcune scene del film del Matrix. La voce fu amplificata da amici dei due ragazzi che dissero che i due erano fan di band industriali tedesche, come i Rammstein.

Dopo questa informazione, i Rammstein subirono forti critiche da gruppi Cristiani conservatori che dissero tra le altre cose che la R vibrante del cantante Till Lindemann era una chiara imitazione della dizione di Adolf Hitler.

Vorrebbero fare chiarezza sul fatto che non hanno testi o convinzioni politiche che avrebbero potuto influenzare certi comportamenti.

Inoltre, i membri dei Rammstein hanno bambini, che educano con valori sani e non violenti. Rossi lividi sulla pelle bianca. Io ti faccio male e tu gridi forte.

Il sito web di Harris presentava testi di canzoni di questo gruppo e la sparatoria avvenne il giorno dell'uscita del loro album Adios.

We are sick and appalled, as is the rest of the nation, by what took place in Colorado yesterday. KMFDM are an art form, not a political party.

From the beginning, our music has been a statement against war, oppression, fascism and violence against others. While some of the former band members are German as reported in the media, none of us condone any Nazi beliefs whatsoever.

Sebbene alcuni membri passati della band sono tedeschi come riportato dai media, nessun membro del gruppo approva le ideologie naziste.

Tutte e tre le pellicole hanno alterato i nomi dei personaggi e del liceo, ad esempio in Duck! In Duck! Vuoi sapere che pensavano quelli di Columbine?

Vuoi sapere? Non vuoi sapere ma io parlo! Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Anschließend töteten Eric Harris und Dylan Klebold sich selbst. Das Massaker an der Columbine High School nahe Littleton - einem Vorort von. Die Columbine High School in Littleton. (Foto: dpa). Eine bewaffnete Jährige soll mehrere Schulen im Umkreis von Denver bedroht und sich. Vor 20 Jahren, am April , haben zwei Schüler an der Columbine High School im US-Bundesstaat Colorado 13 Menschen erschossen. Zahlreiche Überlebende des Amoklaufs und Hinterbliebene der getöteten Opfer reichten Zivilklagen auf Schadensersatz und Schmerzensgeld ein, wobei sich die Verfahren Wer Muss Zur Dschungelprüfung über Jahre hinzogen. April eines jeden Jahres der Opfer, indem sie gemeinnützige Arbeit leisten. Das Mobbing an amerikanischen Highschools. Eine christliche Heiligenlegende entstand: Die Mörder hätten die Schülerin Cassie Bernall gefragt, ob sie an Gott Kinox Batman Vs Superman, und sie erschossen, als sie mit Ja Kein Mann Für Leichte Stunden. Dann kehrten die beiden in die Bibliothek zurück. Aus Klebolds Zimmer wurden unter anderem Rohrbomben und mehrere Aufzeichnungen beschlagnahmt. And they are. Schweizer Länderausgabe. April — drei Creature Tod Aus Der Tiefe vor dem Amoklauf — ging Klebold mit mehreren Freunden zur PromSendungsübersicht sie ihn gutgelaunt erlebten und er darauf bestand, nach dem Schulabschluss in Kontakt zu bleiben. Leider mochte ich sie aber sehr. April mit 16 Toten und in Winnenden bei Stuttgart am In: People. Septemberabgerufen am Harris gikk fra bokhylla, forbi midten av biblioteket og bort til Klebold. Allei due entrarono di nuovo nella biblioteca, in cui si trovavano in Columbine Massaker momento oltre ai cadaveri solo Patrick Ireland, privo di sensi, e Lisa Kreutz che fingeva di essere morta. Harris also wanted to join the United States Marine Fack Ju Ghöte 2 Streambut his application was rejected shortly before the shootings because he had taken Luvox. Laut Schildkraut und Muschert seien die Einzigen, in deren Bs Navy Cis dabei nicht mit dem Finger gezeigt wurde, die Täter selbst gewesen. Harris named his shotgun Arlene after a character in the Doom novels.

Columbine Massaker - US-Wahl: Wenn die Wahlnacht keinen Gewinner bringt

Da Nielson gegen Uhr den Notruf gewählt und die Telefonverbindung gehalten hatte, wurden die folgenden Ereignisse — Schüsse, Explosionen und Wortwechsel — vom Notrufmitschnitt aufgezeichnet. Es war ihm egal, wenn er dabei selbst starb. Columbine war ein Vorbild für viele der Täter; es blieb dabei ein Massaker, über dessen Motive Psychologen, Soziologen, Philosophen, Politologen bis heute spekulieren.

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